During this stage of life young adults further develop their critical thinking skills, form relationships based on shared values and belief systems, modify their risk taking behaviors and make decisions based on future consequences. As these mature adolescents move towards adulthood, the developmental themes emerge.
Media and Young Adults
Media can be a wonderful and often necessary addition to the lives of young adults. Parents of young adults can help guide their child’s media choices by talking to them about the media they use and making them aware of what media and how much media are appropriate to live healthy, functional, adult lives.
For many young adults, most of their physical development occurred during their younger years, however, individuals who began puberty later in their adolescence may continue to see physical changes. During this stage males may see their facial hair get thicker, and for many young adults acne can still be present.
At this stage, young adults become more adept at complex thinking and can better integrate their emotions when making decisions. This is also a life phase where many individuals will experience a high sense of optimism as they embark on their journey to adulthood as they are often free from some of the parental, familial and school restraints they felt in adolescence.
Many young adults will find themselves facing some instability in this “in-between” period of their lives. They often feel that they are not yet an adult (many may still be in school instead of working full-time, others may be living at home while beginning their career path), however they also feel the pressure that comes with having to take on more responsibility and accountability than when they were adolescents. They may feel anxieties surrounding their place both socially with their peers and occupationally as they make big decisions about their future. It is a time to question what they want from work, school and love.
This is a time when there is often a shift in the types of relationships individuals have with their peers, parents and society. Romantic relationships are based more on shared belief systems and become more important as young adults emancipate further from their parents. Often risky behaviors such as drug and alcohol abuse/use that they may have exhibited as teenagers will continue in early adulthood if their peer group remains constant.
According to a recent report
, young adults aged 18-24 spend over 27 hours per week on video content (watching traditional or time-shifted television; using a DVD/Blu Ray device, and watching video on a smartphone or online). Encourage your family members to take up other hobbies that stimulate their minds and bodies, to help lessen the health effects of a sedentary lifestyle.
Talking about your favorite television shows and movies with your young adult can help foster family connectedness and keep the lines of communication open even through later adulthood. Holding movie nights or occasional TV viewing parties can be a great source of family time even when children live outside of the house.
Young adults may spend a significant amount of time reading, especially if they are attending college, or reading for their job. Pleasure reading is 79% of adults aged 18-29 have read at least one book
in the past year, are likely to read more. Encourage your young adult to browse book lists
to find titles of interest, and encourage them to read print or e-books, which may help with their abstract thinking skills.
For this age group, magazines have the potential to play a positive role in the sexual lives of young adults; research shows that regular readers of women’s lifestyle magazines may be more likely to practice safe sex. Unfortunately, magazines can also have a negative impact on body image in college women.
Many young adults listen to music through headphones
at an increased volume that could potentially cause permanent hearing damage
. Teach your young adult that while the health effects may not be immediate, they should consider their long-term health.
As with younger teens, listening to music is a common and useful way to regulate moods and emotions, and deal with stress.
If you can, connect with your young adult on popular social networking sites, as research
shows that parents who friended their young adult children on Facebook experienced an improved parent-child relationship.
Social media has the potential to affect how young adults view risky behaviors such as drinking, smoking, and using drugs. College students who view alcohol-related content on their friends’ social networking profiles may view drinking as more normative.
Video games labeled by the ESRB as “M 17+” (for everyone 17 and older) or “A Adults Only” may be appropriate for youth in this age range, however these games (and others) may contain violent imagery, which can increase aggression
. There are a variety of challenging games that do not contain violence, so encourage your young adult to incorporate a balance of games in their lives.
As with younger children, active video games, especially those that require a lot of movement, can help a young adult stay active and get exercise.
Video game addiction (also known as Internet gaming disorder) is a recognized mental health concern that is becoming more common, and can cause a variety of problems for young adults.
Cell phones have the ability to negatively impact
a young adult’s life, with an emphasis on both the physical effects (lack of sleep, increased stress) and mental health effects (depression).
Using a mobile phone while engaged in other activities, such as texting while driving or walking, can lead to injury.
Mobile phones and other devices can allow you and your young adult to stay connected even from afar whether by calling, using video chat, apps or other social platform.
As with other screen media, computers can impact a young adult’s mental health
in a variety of ways, so encourage your young adult to have a media balanced life. If your college student is already exhibiting mental health issues, such as depression, they may be more likely to become addicted to the Internet
Young adults may attempt online dating for the first time by using apps or websites to meet potential partners. Although not an uncommon practice, online dating can have potential risks. Encourage your young adult to be self-aware when “meeting” people online, and to practice safety measures when meeting someone in person for the first time.
Developmental Themes Source: Steinbeck, K., & Kohn, M. Michael R. (2013). A clinical handbook in adolescent medicine: a guide for health professionals who work with adolescents and young adults (780p.). New Jersey : World Scientific.