According to United Nations Programme on HIV/AIDS (Unaids) there are now 34 million people living with HIV, including 3.4 million children. To celebrate World AIDS Day 2011, we selected a list of studies which evaluate the impact of sexual, HIV and AIDS media messages on children and teens’ health:

Lemal, M. & Van den Bulck, J. (2009). Exposure to semi-explicit sexual television content is related to adolescents' reduced fear of AIDS. Eur J Contracept Reprod Health Care, 14(6), 406-409.

  • This study investigates the relationship between adolescents' frequency of watching semi-explicit sexual television content and their fear of getting AIDS.

Horner, J. R. et al. (2008). Using culture-centered qualitative formative research to design broadcast messages for HIV prevention for African American adolescents." J Health Commun, 13(4), 309-25.

  • This article describes a culture-centered approach for developing messages to promote sexual risk reduction in urban African American adolescents.

Ito, K. E. et al. (2008). Let's Talk About Sex: Pilot study of an interactive CD-ROM to prevent HIV/STIS in female adolescents." AIDS Educ Prev, 20(1), 78-89.

  • This study explores the effectiveness of an interactive CD-ROM developed by researchers to teach adolescent females about Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs).

Geary, C. W. et al. (2006).  Does MTV reach an appropriate audience for HIV prevention messages? Evidence from MTV viewership data in Nepal and Brazil. J Health Commun, 11(7), 665-81.

  • This study examines the audience of MTV and the concurrent teaching capabilities of MTV in relation to HIV/AIDS awareness.

Escobar-Chaves, S.L., Tortolero, S.R., Markham, C.M., Low, B.J., Eitel, P.,Thickstun, P.(2005). Impact of the media on adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors. Pediatrics, 116(1), 303-26.

  • This study explores the effects of mass media on adolescent sexual attitudes and behaviors.

Collins, R. L. et al. (2004). Watching sex on television predicts adolescent initiation of sexual behavior.Pediatrics, 114(3), e280-e289.

  • This study explores the relationship between exposure to sex on television and adolescent sexual behavior.

 Segal, L., et al. (2002). Developing an HIV/AIDS education curriculum for "Takalani Sesame," South Africa's "Sesame Street." Early Education & Development, 13(4), 363-78.

  • This study describes the process of developing an HIV/AIDS education curriculum for "Takalani Sesame," an educational media project for young South African children.

Use the free CMCH Database of Research to find other studies on children, media, and health.

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